By Alan E. Steinweis
From 1933 to 1945, the Reich Chamber of tradition exercised a profound impression over millions of German artists and entertainers. Alan Steinweis specializes in the fields of tune, theater, and the visible arts during this first significant examine of Nazi cultural management, analyzing a posh trend of interplay between top Nazi figures, German cultural functionaries, traditional artists, and shoppers of tradition. Steinweis offers precise awareness to Nazi efforts to purge the humanities of Jews and different so-called undesirables. Steinweis describes the political, expert, and fiscal surroundings within which German artists have been forced to operate and explains the constitution of determination making, hence exhibiting in whose curiosity cultural rules have been formulated. He discusses such matters as assurance, minimal salary statutes, and certification directions, all of which have been issues of excessive precedence to the paintings professions sooner than 1933 in addition to after the Nazi seizure of energy. by means of elucidating the industrial context of cultural existence, Steinweis is helping to give an explanation for the common acquiescence of German artists to inventive censorship and racial 'purification.' His paintings additionally sheds new mild at the purge of Jews from German cultural lifestyles.
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Additional resources for Art, Ideology, and Economics in Nazi Germany: The Reich Chambers of Music, Theater, and the Visual Arts
I am grateful to the University of North Carolina Press for taking on this project. Lewis Bateman lent his encouragement from an early stage, Ron Maner shepherded the manuscript through the publication process, and Christi Stanforth carefully copyedited my prose. At home, Catherine Clarke patiently abided my preoccupation with the completion of this book. Finally, my greatest debt is to my parents, to whom this book is dedicated. Their integrity, compassion, dignity, and goodness, which survived the camps of Nazi Europe intact, provide compelling proof of the ability of the human spirit to overcome evil and adversity.
P. cm. Originally presented as the author's thesis (doctoralUniversity of North Carolina, Chapel Hill). Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 0-8078-2104-7 (cloth: alk. : alk. paper) 1. Arts, German. 2. National socialism and art. 3. Arts-Economic aspectsGermany. I. Title. 943'09043dc2 93-7059 CIP 00 99 98 97 96 6 5 4 3 2 Portions of this book originally appeared in somewhat different form in "The Professional, Social, and Economic Dimensions of Nazi Cultural Policy: The Case of the Reich Theater Chamber," German Studies Review 13, no.
The years between 1924 and 1929 had seen a general expansion of building activity. But in 1929 governments and private entrepreneurs were compelled to cut back on new construction, and many architects suddenly found themselves without work. In August 1930 over 30 percent of Berlin's Page 17 architects were completely unemployed, while many others found short-term work only after frantic searches. 47 The Neocorporatist Impulse The economic crisis led to intensified and more frequent demands for structural reform in the German art world.