By Charles Dickens
Büyük Umutlar, XIX. yüzyıl İngilteresi'nde taşra ortamından büyük kente uzanan tam bir Victoria dönemi romanıdır. Charles Dickens, bu olgunluk dönemi eserinde, köyünde acılı bir çocukluk yaşadıktan sonra esrarengiz bir mirasa konan Pip'in maceralarını anlatır. Gönlü karasevdayla, gözü yükselme hırsıyla perdelenmiş genç Pip'in serüvenleri, sanayileşen toplumdaki sevgisizlik, ikiyüzlülük ve para hırsını gözler önüne serer. Büyük Umutlar, Londra'da beyefendi konumuna yükselen Pip'in başından geçenleri anlatmakla kalmaz, birbirinden ilginç karakterlerle tanıştırır okuru. Dickens, romanın kahramanı Pip'in düşünce yapısını büyük bir incelikle ele alır. Gerek bireylerin düşkünlük ve başarısızlıkları, gerek çağın değerleri üstünde durur ve "büyük umutlar"ın boşa çıkışını gösterir.
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Extra resources for Büyük Umutlar
An envoy from Arabia brought him gifts, including a horse of brass, a mirror, a gold ring and a sword. The mirror and the ring were for the king’s daughter Canacee. The mirror allows the viewer to see danger and to detect falsehood in a woman. The sword can cut through armour and deliver wounds that cannot be cured save by the application of the flat of the same sword. The ring permits its wearer to understand the language of birds; hence Canacee is able to hear a female falcon lament about how she has been deserted by a tercel (male hawk).
Moreover, the Nights came to be associated with childhood reading and the opening up of the imagination that came from it. ’ Coleridge asked (in a letter to Thomas Poole in 1797), before answering: ‘I know all that has been said against it; but I have formed my faith in the affirmative. ) William Wordsworth’s The Prelude or, Growth of a Poet’s Mind (1850) is an autobiographical poem in blank verse, in which the poet searches for past sources of joy and recalls his childhood, including his youthful reading.
Early on in the novel, Catherine pretends to herself that she is like a merchant with his caravan – such as the merchant in the Nights story of the merchant and the jinni – but whereas the merchant’s expedition leads him to a dangerous encounter with the jinni, who wants to kill him, Catherine’s leads her to meet the demonic Heathcliff. Heathcliff is several times compared to a ghoul. On the other hand, Nelly Dean fancies that Heathcliff might be an Oriental prince in disguise. More important, perhaps, than specific references to the Nights, was the licence that the Arabic stories conferred for the wildness and passion that characterizes the storytelling of both Jane Eyre and Wuthering Heights.