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Category: Communism Socialism

Marx, Lenin, and the Revolutionary Experience: Studies of by Paul LeBlanc

By Paul LeBlanc

Marx, Lenin, and the innovative Experience bargains a clean examine Communism, either the undesirable and sturdy, and in addition touches on anarchism, Christian idea, conservatism, liberalism, Marxism, and extra, to argue for the long-lasting relevance of Karl Marx, and V.I. Lenin as democratic revolutionaries. It examines the "Red Decade" of the Nineteen Thirties and the civil rights flow and the recent Left of the Nineteen Sixties within the usa to boot. learning the previous to grapple with problems with conflict and terrorism, exploitation, starvation, ecological obstacle, and traits towards deadening "de-spiritualization", the e-book indicates how the revolutionaries of the prior are nonetheless proper to state-of-the-art struggles. It bargains a in actual fact written and thoroughly reasoned thematic dialogue of globalization, Marxism, Christianity (and faith in general), Communism, the historical past of the USSR and US radical and social pursuits.

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The Ruling Ideas: Bourgeois Political Concepts by Amy E. Wendling

By Amy E. Wendling

The ideas that manage our considering wield, by means of advantage of this truth, loads of political energy. This e-book seems at 5 innovations whose dominion has elevated, progressively, through the bourgeois interval of modernity: hard work, Time, estate, price, and obstacle. those ruling rules are critical not just to many educational disciplines- from philosophy and legislation to the political, social, and financial sciences- but in addition to daily life.

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Lost Comrades: Socialists of the Front Generation, 1918-1945 by Dan White

By Dan White

the idea that of new release as a ancient classification hasn't ever been used extra successfully than in Lost Comrades. The socialists of front new release, younger males in 1914, have been pushed into political task and ideological exploration by means of the adventure of the 1st international warfare. Their efforts to resume socialism, to hold it past Marxism and past the operating classification, have been profound and unique, but eventually they failed.

Lost Comrades follows front new release socialists from their wondering of Marxist orthodoxies within the Nineteen Twenties into their confrontations with the dual demanding situations of fascism and global melancholy within the early Nineteen Thirties. Responding to those risks, they devised—with little success—counterpropaganda opposed to the fascists and making plans blueprints for the economic climate. finally, essentially the most prominent—Sir Oswald Mosley in Britain, Hendrik de guy in Belgium, Marcel Déat in France—shifted their hopes to fascism or, dur- ing the second one global struggle, to collaborationism in Hitler's Europe. Others, despite the fact that, like Carlo Mierendorff and Theodor Haubach in Germany, ended as martyrs within the anti-Nazi resistance. but even those divergent paths confirmed parallels reflecting their universal place to begin.

In tracing those unfulfilled careers, White brings a brand new readability to the hopes and boundaries of ecu socialism among the 2 global wars.

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The Reification of Desire: Toward a Queer Marxism by Kevin Floyd

By Kevin Floyd

The Reification of wish takes serious views infrequently analyzed together—formative arguments for Marxism and people who were the foundation for queer theory—and productively scrutinizes those rules either with and opposed to one another to place forth a brand new theoretical connection among Marxism and queer experiences. Kevin Floyd brings queer critique to endure at the Marxian different types of reification and totality and considers the dialectic that frames the paintings of Georg Luk?cs, Herbert Marcuse, and Fredric Jameson. examining the paintings of those theorists including influential queer paintings by means of such figures as Michel Foucault and Judith Butler, and along reconsiderations of such texts because the solar additionally Rises and nighttime Cowboy, Floyd reformulates those primary different types which were inseparable from a key strand of Marxist idea and feature marked either its explanatory strength and its obstacles. Floyd theorizes a dissociation of sexuality from gender in the beginning of the 20th century by way of reification to assert that this dissociation is one point of a bigger dynamic of social reification enforced through capitalism. constructing a queer exam of reification and totality, Kevin Floyd finally argues that the insights of queer idea require a primary rethinking of either.

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Classes in Contemporary Capitalism by Nicos Poulantzas, David Fernbach

By Nicos Poulantzas, David Fernbach

Nicos Poulantzas’s 3rd significant paintings is a pioneering survey of a few of the main primary, but least studied, facets of the category constitution of complicated capitalist societies this present day. The booklet begins with a basic theoretical essay that for the 1st time heavily explores the excellence among the “agents” and “positions” of capitalist kinfolk of construction, and seeks to prevent the common error of both functionalism or historicism. It additionally presents a polemical reconsideration of the matter of the “nation kingdom” as a political unit this present day, and its courting to the internationalization of capital.

Finally, and so much initially, Poulantzas develops a protracted and robust research of the much-abused idea of the “petty-bourgeoisie.” during this, he scrupulously distinguishes among the “traditional” different types of petty-bourgeoisie—shopkeepers, artisans, small peasants—and the “new” different types of clerical employees, supervisors, and salaried team of workers in smooth and trade. while he demonstrates the explanations why a unitary conceptualization in their category place is feasible. The tough query of the definition of “productive” and “unproductive” hard work inside of Marx’s personal account of the capitalist mode of construction is subjected to a singular and radical reinterpretation. The political oscillations unusual to every kind of petty-bourgeoisie and particularly their attribute reactions to the commercial proletariat, are cogently assessed.

Poulantzas ends his paintings with a reminder that the activities and thoughts of the petty-bourgeoisie are serious to any profitable fight by way of the operating type, which needs to safe the alliance of vital sections of the petty-bourgeoisie if the fateful adventure of Chile isn't really to recur somewhere else the next day. Combining empirical and theoretical fabrics all through, Classes in modern Capitalism represents a extraordinary fulfillment within the improvement of Marxist social technological know-how and political inspiration.

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Science of Coercion: Communication Research and by Christopher Simpson

By Christopher Simpson

Science of Coercion presents the 1st thorough exam of the function of the CIA, the Pentagon, and different U.S. protection firms within the evolution of contemporary verbal exchange examine, a box within the social sciences which crystallized right into a specified self-discipline within the early Nineteen Fifties. Government-funded mental war courses underwrote the tutorial triumph of preconceptions approximately conversation that persist this present day in verbal exchange reviews, ads study, and in counterinsurgency operations. Christopher Simpson contends that it truly is not going that communique learn can have emerged into its current shape with out normal transfusions of cash from U.S army, intelligence, and propaganda businesses in the course of the chilly warfare. those firms observed mass communique as an device for persuading or dominating exact teams within the usa and in a foreign country; as a device for making improvements to army operations; and maybe such a lot essentially, as a way to increase the U.S. impression extra generally than ever earlier than at a comparatively modest rate. verbal exchange study, in flip, grew to become for a time the popular strategy for trying out and constructing such recommendations. Science of Coercion makes use of long-classified files to probe the contributions made by way of fashionable mass communique researchers corresponding to Wilbur Schramm, Ithiel de Sola Pool, and others, then information the influence of mental battle initiatives on commonly held preconceptions approximately social technological know-how and the character of verbal exchange itself. a desirable case examine within the heritage of technology and the sociology of information, Science of Coercion bargains helpful insights into the dynamics of ideology and the social psychology of communique.

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Karl Marx and the Close of His System by Eugen von Böhm-Bawerk

By Eugen von Böhm-Bawerk

The nice economist takes on Karl Marx, and his primary failure to appreciate the workings of the capital industry and its courting to price. The feedback used to be devastating, a lot in order that a number one Marxist answered, and hence herein is Rudolf Hilferding's reaction. it's very vulnerable, as you are going to certainly become aware of. The publication is brought via the socialist Paul Sweezy, and he too attempts to rescue the Marxists from the nook into which Böhm-Bawerk drives them. So this booklet makes for nice drama, and it's a excitement to work out the Austrian pop out on most sensible regardless of each attempt by way of the compiler of the publication to avoid it!

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Creating German Communism, 1890-1990 by Eric D. Weitz

By Eric D. Weitz

Eric Weitz offers a social and political heritage of German communism from its beginnings on the finish of the 19th century to the cave in of the German Democratic Republic in 1990. within the first publication in English or in German to discover this whole interval, Weitz describes the emergence of the Communist celebration of Germany (KPD) opposed to the heritage of Imperial and Weimar Germany, and obviously explains how the legacy of those sessions formed the nature of the GDR to the very finish of its existence.

In Weimar Germany, social democrats and Germany's previous elites attempted frantically to self-discipline a disordered society. Their options drove communists out of the place of work and into the streets, the place the social gathering accumulated supporters in confrontations with the police, fascist businesses, or even socialists and hired employees. within the streets the social gathering cast a politics of exhibit and spectacle, which inspired ideological pronouncements and cruel actual engagements instead of the mediation of sensible political concerns. Male actual prowess got here to be honored because the final innovative caliber. The KPD's gendered political tradition then contributed to the intransigence that characterised the German Democratic Republic all through its background. The communist leaders of the GDR remained imprisoned in rules cast within the Weimar Republic and have become tragically faraway from the needs and pursuits in their personal populace.

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Main Currents of Marxism: Its Rise, Growth and Dissolution, by Leszek Kolakowski, P. S. Falla

By Leszek Kolakowski, P. S. Falla

From thinker Leszek Kolakowski, one of many giants of twentieth-century highbrow background, comes this hugely infuential learn of Marxism. Written in exile, this 'prophetic paintings' provides, based on the Library of Congress, 'the such a lot lucid and accomplished historical past of the origins, constitution, and posthumous improvement of the approach of proposal that had the best influence at the 20th century'. Kolakowski strains the highbrow foundations of Marxist idea from Plotonius via Lenin, Lukacs, Sartre and Mao. He unearths Marxism to be 'the maximum fable of our century concept that started in Promethean humanism and culminated within the mammoth tyranny of Stalinism'. In a super coda, he examines the cave in of overseas Communism in gentle of the final tumultuous many years. major Currents of Marxism continues to be the critical publication in its box.

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